Jesus enters Jerusalem as the King

Mining the treasures of God's Word: Matthew 21:1-17; Mark 11:1-11; Luke 19:29-44; John 12:12-19
As we begin work today, glance over the last part of the last lesson to set the scene, paying particular attention to John's careful dating in 12:1. Then note-the first three words in John 12:12, which tells us that today we're going to begin our in-depth study of Holy Week, which we will observe soon. We'll start with

Matthew 21:5



Verse 1 gives us the picture as Jesus leaves Bethany. They are high up on the western slope of Mt. Olive, heading north, as the road circles the mountain, with Jerusalem lying just opposite the east side of the mountain. Bethphage was another "bedroom" suburb of Jerusalem, lying only one-half mile north of Bethany. Verses lb-3 give Jesus' orders; and Matthew quotes the Old Testament prophecy that was now going to be fulfilled (vv. 4,5, see footnote). We must realize that Jesus was telling them exactly what was going to happen, and verse 3 tells us that the owner of these animals was another of Jesus' disciples, who would be glad to let the Lord use them. And note how verse 4 describes clearly the process of the verbal inspiration of the Scriptures. The passage clearly identifies` Jesus as the Messianic king (2 Samuel 7:12ff).

Next read Mark 11:4-8
Of course, everything happened just as Jesus had said (vv. 4,5). And when they returned, Jesus chose to ride on the colt (v. 7); and the joyful procession begins, with the people's acclamation of Jesus as their coming King (v. 6), for this was the common 'red carpet' custom of the time when the king came to visit his people.

Now read Luke 19:37-44



By now the procession is high on the north slope of the mountain, and as the road begins to bend to the east, the city of Jerusalem comes in view, just across the Kedron valley, and the road begins to descend along the eastern slope (v. 37a). And as Mark ll: 9a tells us, there were two crowds of people--those walking in front of Jesus, most of whom were pilgrims who had come out from Jerusalem to meet him (John 12:13), and the crowd following Jesus, who had joined him as he left Bethany. Perhaps this was where they all met, because now they all began to shout (v. 37b).

The four accounts make it clear that they were yelling all sorts of things: "Hosanna!" ("Lord, help or save us!" Mark 11:9); "Hosanna (to) the Son of David!" ("Lord, help the Son of David!" Matthew 21:9); "God's blessings on the one who comes as the Lord's messenger!" (Matthew, Mark, Luke); "God's blessings on the King of David!" (Mark); "God's blessings on the King of Israel" (John 12:12); "Hosanna in the highest!" (O Lord in heaven, help, or save, us!" Matthew, Mark); "Peace in heaven, and glory in the highest!" ("There is peace in heaven, and glory to the Lord who lives there!" Luke). "In the highest" is a Hebrew idiom. The Jews believed there were at least three heavens in the world, and God lived in the highest one (see 2 Corinthians 12:2).